Led by PGS, the Initiative on Nuclear Security, Governance and Geopolitics (INSG) brings together multinational experts from key countries to effectively address the critical and evolving nuclear challenges of the 21st Century.

The Initiative is an evolution of the Nuclear Security Governance Experts Group (NSGEG), an influential international NGO group that provided realistic solutions to address weaknesses and gaps in the global nuclear security system.



Strengthen the overall nuclear governance system by improving nuclear security transparency, information sharing, peer review, and related confidence-building activities; creating common international security standards; generating additional support for IAEA INFCIRC/869; and, promoting and further developing activities to strengthen and close the gap between the nuclear security and safeguards regime.

Assess the international security and geopolitical implications of global nuclear technology trends; identifying policy responses to address new stresses created by emerging disruptive technologies; and, evaluating the evolution of new nuclear suppliers, power rivalries, nuclear power, and global security.

Sustain and Further Build the vital relationship between governments, the nuclear industry and the expert community that is necessary to achieve progress.



The INSG convened its first meeting "Nuclear Security and Emerging Disruptive Technologies: The Impact of Cyber and Artificial Intelligence & Security Against EMP" in Seoul, South Korea on March 22, 2018. The workshop was organized into three sections that 1) analyzed the security challenges and stresses created by emerging disruptive technologies - i.e. cyber and artificial intelligence (AI) - for civil nuclear facilities, 2) examined the existing cyber- and potential AI- governance structures, and 3) assessed the threat posed by Electromagnetic Pulse (EMP) attacks.

Discussions were focused on North East Asia, with a particular focus on South Korean and Japanese efforts to promote cyber security, as well as, perspectives on potential cooperation between the U.S. and countries in the region. The goal of the workshop was to identify a path forward for continued engagement towards developing actionable and effective nuclear policy responses that address the challenges posed by the evolution of global technology.

INSG Mission and Objectives
Kenneth N. Luongo | Partnership for Global Security

Technology in the 21st Century: Cyber and AI Challenges
Kenneth N. Luongo | Partnership for Global Security

Cyber and AI Governance Structures and Options
Kenneth N. Luongo | Partnership for Global Security

Investigation of Insider Identification by Using Human Bio-Monitoring
Dr. Man-Sung Yim | Korea Advanced Institute of Science and Technology

Intrusion Detection Based on Deep Learning
Dr. Kwangjo Kim | Korea Advanced Institute of Science and Technology



The INSG convened its second meeting "Nuclear Geopolitics in an Evolving Environment: Global Responsibility, Influence, and Innovation in the 21st Century" in Washington, D.C. on May 30, 2018.  The workshop was organized into five sections that 1) examined the status and objectives of Russian and Chinese nuclear export models, 2) analyzed the influence of nuclear exporters over the creation and evolution of the non-proliferation and export regimes, 3) assessed the potential impacts of Russia and China as new nuclear suppliers on the non-proliferation and nuclear security system, 4) evaluated the stakes for winning the advanced nuclear reactor race, and 5) underscored the importance of the U.S. and its allies as key commercial competitors and partners in the Middle East and globally.

The workshop goals aimed at understanding how a new era of great power rivalry impacts the evolution of nuclear power and global security, identifying the new role of traditional nuclear suppliers, developing coalitions that strengthen leadership and collaboration among key stakeholders, and proposing policies that promote safe, secure, and safeguarded nuclear energy to meet climate goals and global security objectives.

INSG Workshop Introduction and Overview
Kenneth N. Luongo | Partnership for Global Security

High Stakes Nuclear Development in the Middle East: The Role of the U.S. and Its Allies as Commercial Competitors and Partners
Paul Murphy | Gowling WLG